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Sample DescriptionAnswer All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah swt and that Muhammad pbuh, is His slave and Messenger. Arguing is usually accompanied with loud voices, repulsion, discord and division. Islam has condemned such blameworthy arguing even if it was outside the mosque. Allaah The Exalted Says (what means): {And obey Allaah and His Messenger, and do not dispute and [thus] lose courage and [then] your strength would depart; and be patient. Indeed, Allaah Is with the patient.}[Quran 8:46] Abu Umaamah may Allaah be pleased with him reported that the Prophet, said: "No people went astray after guidance except that they were afflicted with arguing." [Ahmad, Ibn Maajah and At-Tirmithi; Saheeh (i.e. authentic)] Then, the Prophet , recited the verse that reads (what means): {And they said, "Are our gods better, or is he?" They did not present the comparison except for [mere] argument. But, [in fact], they are a people prone to dispute.}[Quran 43:58] Raising one's voice inside a mosque – even if for reciting the Noble Quran - is forbidden. Some scholars excluded religious lessons from this. Abu Sa‘eed Al-Khudri may Allaah swt be pleased with him said, "The Messenger of Allaah, observed I‘tikaaf (i.e. seclusion in the mosque for the purpose of worship) in the mosque and heard worshippers reciting the Quran out loud. He removed the curtain and said: "Verily, each of you is in a private conversation with his Lord so you should not disturb each other. And you are not to raise your voices against each other in recitation." [Ahmad, At-Tirmithi, Abu Daawood and others] If raising one's voice while reciting the Quran inside the mosque is impermissible, what do you think (is the ruling) of raising one’s voice in a blameworthy argument or debate, even if it was outside the mosque! Muslims should strive to eliminate this evil but while observing wisdom, leniency and good admonition, of course, so as not to fall into the abyss of another evil while forbidding this one. Allaah Knows best.
Wa Alaikum Assalam wa Rahamtu Allah wa Barakatuh, The answer to your question is a hadith narrated by Aisha (ra): وعن عائشة ـ رضي الله عنها ـ قالت : ( كان رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - إذا صلى قام حتى تفطر رجلاه .. قالت عائشة : يا رسول الله أتصنع هذا وقد غُفِرَ لك ما تقدم من ذنبك وما تأخر ؟! ، فقال ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ : يا عائشة أفلا أكون عبدا شكورا )(مسلم) . Aisha, May Allah be pleased with her, said:" The messenger of Allah, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him. used to pray until his feet hurts". So Aisha said: "O messenger of Allah, you do this when Allah has forgiven all sins you committed or will commit? He, peace and blessing of Allah swt be upon him replied :"shouldn't I be a thankful/grateful servant" You certainly can see that the prophet who was guaranteed Jannah worshipped Allah not for fear of Hellfire but rather out of love for him. However, there is definitely nothing wrong in worshiping Allah to get into paradise and to avoid hell fire. Not all servants have the same degree of faith. Scholars emphasised though that while we love Allah and would like to worship him for the love of him, love byiteself is not enough and actions should match the feeling. We should realise that we should fear his punishment and accept his rewards (Jahannam and Jannah).
Islam is not a new religion. It is the same truth that God revealed to all His prophets throughout history. Islam is both a religion and a complete way of life. Muslims follow a religion of peace, mercy and forgiveness that should not be associated with acts of violence against the innocent. Who are Muslims and what do they believe? There are an estimated 1.2 billion Muslims worldwide. No more than 20 percent of Muslims live in the Arabic-speaking world. The country with the largest Muslim population is Indonesia. Muslims believe in One, Unique, and Incomparable God. They believe in the Day of Judgement and individual accountability for actions. Muslims believe in a chain of prophets beginning with Adam and including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses, David, Solomon, and Jesus. God’s eternal message was reaffirmed and finalized by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be on them all). One becomes a Muslim by saying, “There is no deity but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God.” By this declaration, the person announces faith in all of God’s messengers. What is the Quran? The Quran is the record of the exact words revealed by God through the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad. It was memorised by Muhammad and then dictated to his companions. The text of the Quran was cross-checked during the life of the Prophet. The 114 chapters of the Quran have remained unchanged through the centuries. What are the “Five Pillars” of Islam? The Declaration of Faith - This consists of the two-sentence declaration described above. Prayer - Muslims perform five obligatory prayers each day. Islamic prayers are a direct link between the worshiper and God. Islam has no hierarchical authority or priesthood. A learned Muslim chosen by each congregation leads the prayers. Zakat - One of the most important principles of Islam is that all things belong to God and that wealth is held in trust by human beings. Zakat, or charitable giving, “purifies” wealth by setting aside a portion for those in need. This payment is usually two and a half percent of one’s capital. Fasting - Every year in the Islamic lunar month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from first light until sunset. The fast is another method of self-purification. Pilgrimage - A pilgrimage to Mecca, or Hajj, is an obligation for those who are physically or financially able.
In Our Prophet’s (pbuh) sunnah, we see that he (pbuh) does not prohibit asking questions during khutbah; on the contrary, he respects and answers with patience. Abu Rifaa al-Adavi (ra) states that: “I came to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). He was delivering khutbah. I asked him: “O Messenger of Allah! I am a stranger who does not know his religion. I ask you what my religion is.” Thereupon, he turned to me, interrupted his sermon and came near me. They brought a chair for him. I think its feet were of iron. He sat on it. Instantly he started to teach me of the knowledge that Allah (swt) has taught him. After that, he returned to his sermon and completed it.” (Muslim, Jum’a 60; Nasai, Ornaments 123) The narrations above lead to the conclusion that it is permissible to ask imam a question while he is delivering khutbah, even it is a friday (jum’a) khutbah (sermon). Furthermore, the imam should answer this question.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. It is not permissible for a woman to travel the distance of safar – approximately 48m or 78km – without a mahram (unmarriageable kin). Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, «لا يحل لامرأة، تؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر، تسافر مسيرة ثلاث ليال، إلا ومعها ذو محرم» “It is prohibited for a woman who believes in Allah and the Day of Judgement to travel a distance of three nights unless with a mahram”[1] The ruling for a woman to travel with a mahram is to safeguard her and also assist her during travels. Travelling nowadays has become even more challenging for Muslims. Therefore, it would not be permissible for her to go for ‘Umrah without a mahram. And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. We commend your attitude on wishing to lead a life according to the dictates of Islam at such a sensitive age. That being said, your involvement with this girl is contrary to the teachings of Islam. Although you intend to marry her, it is not permissible for you to remain in contact with her. You admitted that you’ve had unlawful relations with her. Do not tempt each other by remaining in communication with her. Allah says, وَلَا تَقْرَبُوا الزِّنَا ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَاحِشَةً وَسَاءَ سَبِيلًا {32} Translation: Do not go near (any pathways leading to) unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way. (Quran 17:32) A solution to your predicament can be – with the permission and consent of your parents – that you arrange for your Nikah with this girl to be performed. Thereafter, you may live separately and continue to remain in contact with her. If this is not possible, then you must break all ties with her. When you are prepared to get married, you may speak to your parents and request them to search for a suitable spouse. Bear in mind that if you wish to have a blessed and blissful marriage, you must first correct the foundations for that marriage. And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu 'alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. It is permissible for the pregnant woman to break her fast. She should make up for the broken fast once she is able to do so. An additional kaffarah will not be required. [1] And Allah Ta'āla Knows Best
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh We understand your grief and your effort for this proposal. May Allah alleviate your grief insha allah. You mentioned both you and the girl’s side tried everything in convincing the girl’s father to accept the proposal, but it was to no avail. We therefore advise you to try again by explaining the situation to a senior family member with whom he(the girl’s father) is able to openly communicate. As an alternative, you may ask the family to speak to the Imaan of the masjid to address him hopefully influencing him to change his opinion towards the proposal. At the same time, keep on invoking Allah’s help in duas and have patience. We hope that Allah grant you the best partner insha allah. You should not stick your heart and mind only to this girl. Make dua to Allah to grant you whoever is best for you in His absolute knowledge. Allah says in the Holy Quran:
Islam does not order a certain way of dressing and apparel. It does not force its followers to take a certain way of dressing. Because dressing may differ according to season and region. What is essential in dressing is the requirement of the climate that people have. However, something that Islam orders must not be forgotten. No matter what color, fashion and way dress might be, it must cover the private parts and must not be short or tight in a way to stimulate sexual desire. Private parts are the whole body of women except hands and face. For men, private parts are in between the kneecap and the navel. All Muslims must keep these dressing codes in view and they must absolutely cover the private parts. Islam permits any kind of dressing that meets these criteria.
To run away from his/her parents and to distress them is a big sin. One will be sinful and responsible if dies in such a manner that one's parents are not pleased with.
The fewer sins man commits, the more virtuous his deeds become. For a woman, covering her head with a headscarf when she is outside increases the virtue of the salat (prayer) she performs. Nevertheless, the prayer performed by a woman who does not cover her head in daily life is valid as well. It is not right to give up performing prayers because of not covering one’s head in daily life. In Islamic belief, except for the prophet, everybody commits sins. Sins are the words and deeds that are contrary to the commands and prohibitions of Allah considered as a crime by religion. Not to do what Allah commands and to commit what He prohibits are both sins. The Concept of Major Sin Because all of the sins are not equal, on a line stretching out from belief towards daily behaviors, they are separated into two parts as major and minor sins. Major sins are called Kabair, and minor ones are called Saghair. Major sins are religious, individual and social major crimes and behaviors which have threatening verses or hadiths about and which lead to punishment both in this world and hereafter and cause wrong and distorted faiths, abandoning faith and religion, personal and social unrest, defeatism, deviation, anomy and corruption. A real believer tries to avoid all of the sins: major or minor. However, because the responsibility and results are more serious, a believer should not approach any one of the great sins. Allah, All-Mighty reveals as follows in the Qur’an: If you (but) eschew the most heinous of the things which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit your evil deeds, and admit you to a Gate of great honor. (An-Nisaa, 4/31). Those who commit any one of the major or minor sins are not regarded as apostates except for the sins concerning with faith and unless they regard the sins they commit as permissible. However, they become sinners. One who commits major sins except for polytheism and blasphemy is called as Murtakib-il Kabira (perpetrator of great sins), Fasiq (committer of great sins) or Fajir (one who deviates into haram and bad ways). Those who commit evil things should endeavor to be saved from their faults because they are sinner believers. So, at first, they should feel sorry and turn to faith from great sins which are regarded as being in the same degree as polytheism and blasphemy. As for other great sins, they should repent and not commit them anymore. Allah, All-Mighty reveals as follows in the Qur’an: Those who avoid great sins and indecent deeds, save lesser offenses,- verily thy Lord is ample in forgiveness… (Qur’an, An-Najm, 53/32). “Say: "O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (the Qur’an, Az-Zumar, 39/53). Great sins are among the basic principles which are necessary to be known by believers concerning the issues such as belief, faith, worship or the everyday matters, for example, “What deeds are haram?” and “Which deeds are obligatory to abandon?”. We will try to list the 72 major sins which are mentioned in traditional religious books in a way showing parallelism with the systematic of 32 and 54 obligatory deeds: “Major sins” significantly appear as a result of committing what is ordered not to comply with the acts which are mentioned in 54 obligatory-acts, or not complying with what is told to obey. We will try to deal with the subject of “great sins” to a certain amount. There are a great number of great sins. However, in traditional religious books, -from the point of learning and keeping in mind easily with a pedagogical genius- it is designated in the form of a schematic and systematic list by improving the concept of “72 Great Sins” which includes great sins chiefly. Major Sins (72 Major Sins) A- Major Sins Concerning the Articles of Faith Major sins concerning the articles of faith are the wrong and distorted beliefs in the form of the extension of the fundamentals of faith: 1. To associate partners with Allah, 2. To believe and follow fortunetellers, soothsayers, magicians and those who claim to give information about the unseen (ghaib). 3. To swear to someone except Allah. 4. To abandon religion. 5. To forget the Qur’an after memorizing it; to forget reading the Qur’an after learning it. 6. To have affection for the worldly life. To have so much affection for the world as to forget the hereafter, to abandon the religious duties. 7. To impute lies/untrue words to Hazrat Prophet, to report a word that he did not say. 8. To talk against, utter bad words and swear at the Companions(Sahaba) of Hazrat Prophet. 9. To swear at holy things and make fun of them. B. Major Sins concerning the pillars of Islam Major sins concerning the pillars of Islam are reminding and explanatory principles the pillars of Islam concerning negative attitudes: 10. Not to perform ghusl (full ablution) on time (to miss one of the daily prayers because of not having performed ghusl). 11. To recite the azan (call to prayer) and perform a prayer before its due time. 12. Not to perform the five daily prescribed prayers in time and perform them too late. 13. Not to fast in the month of Ramadan without an excuse, to eat or drink something in front of Muslims. 14. Not to pay zakat (almsgiving) and the tithe. C. Great Sins concerning Halal-Harams (Permissible-Forbidden) Some of the 72 major sins are about halal/haram varying from faith to practices: 15. Not to act accordingly although knowing what is halal and haram. 16. Getting dressed in a way to excite lust (this is valid both for men and women). 17. Wearing silky clothes and adorning themselves in a pompous and dashing way (for men). 18. To uncover the private and genital parts of the body and to show them to someone else and to look at the genital parts of someone. 19. (For a woman) wearing the clothes of men; (for a man) wearing the clothes of women and trying to look like the opposite gender. 20. To continue to eat after being full. 21. To drink wine and alcoholic drinks; to use something that intoxicates such as drugs, heroin etc… 22. To eat the remains of dog. 23. To eat pork and lard. 24. To eat dead animal carcass and to make others eat it. 25. To have a tattoo done. 26. To have or give interest (riba), to practice usury. 27. To commit a theft. 28. To extort one’s property. D. Great Sins Concerning Ethics An important part of 72 great sins is about bad ethics which is the opposite of high ethics: 29. To disobey one’s mother and father, to beat them. 30. To give up visiting one’s family, to break off relationship with relatives and not to visit them; if there is any need for them, not to provide it. 31. To envy, be jealous of. 32. To misappropriate. 33. Regardless of being a Muslim or unbeliever, to betray all people. 34. To make fun of a believer’s obedience to faith and the decrees of Islam. 35. To utter dirty and bawdy words. 36. To retail gossip and backbite. 37. To backbite and gossip. 38. To break the heart of his/her believer brother/sister. 39. To talk against chaste women, to insult a chaste woman calling her a prostitute, to spread the family secrets of chaste women. 40. (for a woman) To avoid sleeping with her husband. 41. A wife’s going to visit someone without permission of her husband. 42. To be married with two sisters at the same time. 43. (for a man) To liken the private parts of his wife to his mother’s. 44. (for a man) To swear at his wife’s mother. 45. To remain ignorant; not to learn religious duties, obligations, necessities, sunnahs and to insist on ignorance. (Not to learn the information concerning the world and the hereafter and religion (such as obligatory acts and forbidden things) and not to avoid being ignorant. Those who do not learn religious duties may easily commit forbidden things.) 46. Not to know how terrible ignorance is. (One who does not know that s/he does not know may easily fall down to forbidden things.). 47. Not to measure and weigh in a correct and just way; to deceive people. 48. Not to fear the torture of Allah, feel sure that one will not undergo any torture and to think that s/he is among those special people who will reach salvation. 49. To give up the hope of Allah’s compassion. 50. To commit adultery, to go after illegal lustful pleasures; 51. To have a homosexual relation (to commit anal intercourse and lesbianism). 52. (for a man) To try have a sexual intercourse when his wife is confined and is in menstruation. 53. (for a man) To look with a lusty eye at someone’s wife or daughter. 54. To become arrogant (to regard oneself very important; to get above oneself; to move away from modesty); to oppress and tyrannize people by becoming arrogant. 55. Unjustly to eat up the property of orphans. (the Qur’an, An-Nisaa, 4/10) 56. To hide property when the inheritor is in deathbed. 57. To tell lies, 58. To swear in vain, to swear many times. 59. To commit perjury; to swear an oath many times. 60. To threw a living animal into the fire. 61. To be stingy and to act stingily. 62. To remind someone a favor that had been done before. To do somebody a favor, and then to rub it in. 63. to laugh out loud unnecessarily. 64. To sing immoral songs. E. Major Sins Concerning Sins One or two of the 72 great sins are about committing sins: 65. To insist on committing sins/minor sins. To insist on committing too many sins. 66. To commit sin in the Kaaba. F. Major Sins Concerning Social Life 67. Not to obey legal administration and laws of the government; to revolt against government and administrators. 68. To kill someone intentionally and unjustly. 69. To commit suicide. 70. To run away from enemies in a war; to give up jihad in the way of Allah. 71. To take or give bribes. 72. Not to prevent the evil to be committed despite having the power or authorit
It is a special cleaning done with water by washing the face, arms and feet, and by wiping the head. Wudu has many material and spiritual benefits. A person who makes wudu at least 5 times a day has the habit of cleaning, which protects him from diseases and purifies him from microbes. That is the material benefit of wudu. There are many spiritual benefits of wudu. Our Prophet said to Anas bin Malik, "My dear son! Perform wudu fully so that the hafaza (guarding) angels will love you and your life will be lengthened. Wudu gives the face light and gives the heart joy. It causes minor sins to be forgiven. The Prophet (pbuh) said the following regarding the issue: "A person who makes wudu as he is ordered and performs prayers as he is ordered, all of his previous minor sins are forgiven." Wudu is the spiritual weapon of the believer. He protects himself from evil feelings and desires with it. He gets rid of the delusions and negative thoughts that swarm his mind. However, he should always be in wudu. People in wudu get rid of the evil of the malign and evil beings thanks to their wudu and keep away from their harms. It is stated in a hadith that a person who dies while he is in wudu can reach the level of martyrdom. It is also stated by hadiths that the organs of the Muslims that are washed during wudu will be very bright, like the full moon, and white, and that their faces will be luminous. It is something that was not given to other ummahs.
According to the Islamic laws, it is considered permissible for women to have their ears pierced in order to wear earrings but not permitted for man. Some Islamic jurists argued that it is permissible for young boys to have their ears pierced and although it was practiced during the time of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), it was not prohibited. Howsoever as for most of Islamic jurists, it is haram and for some, it is makrooh that is to say not permissible of an adolescent man’s having his ears pierced.
Official marriages and divorces are valid. However, for an official marriage to be valid, it is necessary for the marriage to have the conditions that Islam demands for the marriage. When a man divorces his wife with one or two talaqs, he can marry her again. When three talaqs take place, it is impossible for that man to marry that woman again in terms of religion. A man who divorces his wife three times before or after applying the court cannot marry her again. It does not matter whether it is possible in terms of laws. If he has not divorced his wife before or after applying the court, one talaq is regarded to have been used when the judge divorces them since he has given the judge the authority to divorce. However, he has the right for two more talaqs. Accordingly, there is no objection to them coming together again in terms of the law or the religion. However, since we do not know the type of divorce decreed by the court – that is, whether it is revocable or irrevocable divorce - , it is necessary to renew the contract of marriage if they decide to live together again. According to Islam, if a man divorces his wife three times, certain conditions are necessary if he wants to marry her again. The woman can marry her husband who divorced her three times only if she marries somebody else first and then divorces normally or if her husband dies. As there are many wisdoms behind every decree of Islam, there are numerous wisdoms behind this decree about divorcing. One wisdom is that it deters men from divorcing their wives easily with three talaqs and sending them away. This decree may have been imposed in order to deter a man from getting angry with his wife due to a simple thing and divorcing her immediately. The man will know that he will have to bear the consequences if he divorces his wife. Besides, it is not permissible to carry out a fake marriage by marrying a divorced woman and then divorcing her, which is called hulla. A man divorces his wife with three talaqs; then, he regrets it and wants to marry her again. However, it is not possible for him to marry her again before she marries another man since he divorced her with three talaqs; so, he carries out the practice of hulla – marrying somebody else and divorcing after a short time. Is it permissible in Islam? The practice of hulla is not permissible in Islam. He who practices it or makes others practice it is cursed. The Prophet (pbuh) says, "Allah curses the temporary husband and the husband for whom hulla is practiced." (Musnad, Ahmad bin Hanbal) The following conversation took place between the Prophet (pbuh) and the Companions: The Prophet (pbuh): - Shall I inform you about the makeshift male goat? The Companions: -Yes. The Prophet: -He is the temporary husband. Allah curses the temporary husband and the husband for whom hulla is practiced. (Ibn Majah) The following is reported from Ibn Masud: The Prophet (pbuh) cursed the temporary husband and the husband for whom hulla is practiced. Although Islam curses hulla, some enemies of Islam try to attribute it to Islam in order to blemish Islam. According to our religion, if a man divorces his wife with three talaqs, he cannot marry her again. However, if the divorced woman marries another man normally and if her husband dies or if they divorce normally because they cannot get along well with each other, then she can marry her previous husband again if they agree. However, it is not permissible to do it in the way that Allah and the Messenger of Allah curse, that is, the way of hulla, by bargaining. The following is stated in the Quran: "So if a husband divorces his wife (irrevocably), he cannot after that, re-marry her until after she has married another husband and he has divorced her." (al-Baqara, 230)

 

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Head Imam Allamha Sajid Latif Qadri